Supply Chain Planning and Delivery of Reproductive Health Commodities in Uganda: A case study of Mbarara District
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This was a descriptive survey using Mbarara District as a case study set out to assess the contribution of Supply Chain Planning on delivery of reproductive health commodities in Uganda. Specifically, the study sought to establish the extent to which logistics systems capacity, forecasting and performance monitoring impact on efficient and effective delivery of contraceptives in Mbarara district. A triangulation approach involving both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection was used; quantitative data were collected using self- administered questionnaires that were administered to a sample of 40 respondents, while qualitative data was collected through face to face interviews with key informants. Further, the Observation method, using a checklist, was used to record important characteristics. Quantitative data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) while qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis method. The study revealed that there was a significant and positive contribution of Supply Chain Planning to delivery of reproductive health commodities, with performance monitoring accounting for the highest variance of 40.7%, while forecasting and logistics skills capacity accounted for 26.3% and 18.6%, respectively, implying a total variance of 85.6% as contributed by Supply Chain planning. The researcher thus concluded for efficient service delivery, that the way contraceptives are delivered and how commodities are procured needs to be professionally done utilizing facility data on consumption. It was thus recommended that health workers’ skills capacity ought to be developed through on-the-job training in logistics; forecasting committees be established at every Health Sub District level; Records management and use of data for decision making be emphasised and enforced. The study also identified areas for further research as; Effective Supply Chain planning in private sector organizations and Supply Chain Performances of the National Medical Stores on delivery of Pharmaceuticals.