Organizational Factors Affecting the Implementation of HIV/AIDS Work Place Policy in GOAL Uganda
Najjarwambi, Madiina Bakar
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The issue of HIV/AIDS work place policy implementation is not extensively covered in the wider literature about HIV/AIDS. Although, a number of studies indicate that the HIV/AIDS work place program contribute to the reduction of HIV/AIDS infections its implementation presents enormous challenge to many organizations. The little empirical research in this area accentuated the need for this study with a case of Goal Uganda. Review of related literature led to the identification of three organizational factors that affect the implementation of the HIV/AIDS work place policy namely: communication, top management support and participative decision making. The factors were synthesized to form a conceptual frame work that was tested in the study using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. A sample of 71 respondents who are employees of GOAL filled the self administered questionnaires. Data was analyzed using a statistical package for social scientists (SPSS) where a regression analysis was run to test the hypothesis. Findings revealed that top management support, communication media and participative decision making significantly affect the implementation of the work place policy in GAOL Uganda. Implying that, where top managers lead and support HIV/AIDS work place programs implementation levels are likely to be high. On the other hand where employees have a chance to participate in decision making related to the work place policy an organization will experience effective implementation of the policy. Information sharing and information utilization were found to be negatively and non significant to the implementation of HIV/AIDS work place policy. Future research could explore other factors like funding and Government policy.