The Contribution of Wetland Resources Management to Household Food Security in Nangabo Subcounty , Wakiso District, Uganda.
Tumusiime, Teddy Tindamanyire M.
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The study was conducted to investigate the contribution of wetlands resources management to food security in Nangabo sub-county of Wakiso district, Uganda. Specifically the study examined how planning and control systems for managing wetlands resources contribute to food security in a peri-urban area. Both primary and secondary data were used in the study from four parishes and eight villages of Nangabo Sub County. The study adopted a case study design. Out of the sample of 350, 330 responded, a response rate of 94.6%. The study found a positive correlation between control systems for managing wetland resources and food availability, thus contributing positively to food security. Systematic planning for water and soils in wetlands contributes positively to food productivity, based more on indigenous knowledge at community level than extension workers’ guidance. The study concluded that there is an apparent disjointed control system for managing wetlands resources for food security that has led to reduction in wetland ecosystem quality, threatened food availability and increased community vulnerability to food insecurity. The current planning and coordination of activities related to appropriate wetland management and food productivity is dysfunctional, increasingly threatening the livelihood systems of poor community. The study recommends that the wetlands Management Department, Wakiso district and Nangabo sub county technical staff undertake serious measures to redeem the remaining wetlands through serious awareness campaigns on the economic value of wetlands resources; develop bylaws to guide better control and planning for wetlands resources and food production. The Wetlands Management Department together with Ministry of Agriculture, Animal industry and Fisheries should clearly spell out the control systems and provide coordinated guidelines to reduce the conflict of interests and ensure that food production is maintained while the ecosystem resources are also maintained in equilibrium.