Factors Affecting Primary School Pupils' in Academic Performance in Uganda. A case study of Mbirizi Primary School
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The study examined a relationship between factors affecting primary school pupils and academic performance in Uganda using Mbirizi Primary School Lwengo District. The specific objectives were to examine the relationship between physical infrastructure, teachers’ quality and learning environment in line with primary school pupils’ academic performance. The study was based on learning theory advanced by Skinner (1945) which is based on the hypothesis that achievement varies among individuals due to several reasons. The literature review indicated various studies which were carried out regarding the concepts under study. The study employed a descriptive survey research design accompanied with both quantitative and qualitative approaches. From a study population of 65 elements, a sample size of 144 was established in accordance to Krejice& Morgan model of 1970. Data was analyzed using a SPSS and presented in tables showing frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, correlations and regressions. The method and instruments used in the study included questionnaires, face to face interviews, interview guide, and documentary review respectively. The study findings suggested that there is a positive correlation between school physical infrastructure and pupils’ academic performance (r=.050**). These findings were significant (P < 0.01 level), teachers’ quality and primary school pupils’ academic performance (r=.051**). These findings were significant (P < 0.01 level), teachers’ quality and pupils’ academic performance (r=.048**). These findings were significant (P < 0.01 level). The study however recommended that, the school should have the required infrastructure that enhances pupils’ academic excellence. Endeavor should be made to recruit teacher with have enough knowledge, skills, scholastic aptitudes, and good teaching capability. The school administration should provide all teaching materials to ensure academic excellence, and the length of instructional time should adequately be provided. The study suggested other areas of further research which included;- A study on teacher quality be carried out in Primary schools to come up with sufficient comparison and find other variables affecting pupils’ academic performance.