Factors Affecting Pupils’ Academic Performance in Uganda; A case of Selected Primary Schools in Kachonga Sub county Butaleja district
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The study on factors affecting pupils’ academic performance was carried out in Kachonga Sub County, Butaleja District Uganda. The study was based on the following objectives: to establish the relationship between teacher-based factors and pupils’ performance, to establish the relationship between school-based factors and pupils’ performance and to establish the relationship between parent characteristics and pupils’ performance in Kachonga Sub County-Butaleja district, Uganda. In total, a sample of 128 respondents was selected, comprising of Head Teachers, DEO, Inspector of Schools, teachers, parents and primary seven pupils. The sample size was obtained using simple random and purposive sampling. The study used both qualitative and quantitative techniques to collect and analyse data. Study findings revealed that teacher based factors (r=.428**) and parent characteristics (r=.302*) had a moderate positive relationship with pupils’ academic performance while school based factors (r=.252) had a weak positive relationship with pupils’ academic performance. The study concluded the availability of qualified teachers who are committed and provide feedback to pupils enhances pupils’ academic performance. It was further concluded that inadequate instructional materials, and infrastructure have retarded pupils’ academic performance. In addition, the economic status of parents, education level of parents and their involvement in homework contribute to pupils’ academic performance. The study recommends that head teachers should put strict measures such as suspension on the payroll for teachers who fail to teach all scheduled lessons. All teachers without teaching certificates should be dismissed and replaced with qualified teachers. Ministry of Education and Sports provides enough text books for primary schools. The study recommends that Ministry of Education and Sports should increase the amount of capitation grant given to schools so that they can take care of all pupils’ financial requirements so that they are not sent away from school, yet parents have no stable sources income to support their children. The study further recommends that parents should regularly contact teachers to discuss pupils’ academic performance and establish how to guide them, especially in their homework.