HUMAN RESOURCE PRACTICES AND EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN UGANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MBALE DISTRICT LOCAL GOVERNMENT
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The subject of human resource practices has become an important issue given the role it plays in organizational development. Consequently, this study investigated the influence of human resource practices on the retention of employees in Local Governments in Uganda. In particular, the study was carried out in Mbale District Local Government. The study specifically sought to ascertain the effect of rewards, training and performance appraisal on employee retention in the district. Across sectional research design was adapted where a total sample of 224 respondents were consulted accounting for 70% of the targeted respondents. The primary data was collected using self administered questionnaires for employees, as well as interview guides for key informants. A documentary review checklist was the main source of secondary data used in the study. Consequently, both qualitative and quantitative data were collected. Collected data was analyzed using a computer program of statistical package for social scientists. Research findings revealed that the rewards offered to employees contributed to approximately 28.7% variance in the retention rates. Similarly training was also seen to be fundamentally accounting for 32.3% variance in the retention of employees at the district. Besides, performance appraisals were discovered to variably impact 43.2% of the retention of employees according to the study. In order to improve retention the study recommended developing a policy framework and providing a budget line for employee rewards. Also provision of timely appraisal feedback to employees was recommended on top of provision of specialized courses for all staff without discrimination.
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