ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PUBLIC PENSION SCHEME IN UGANDA: A CASE OF THE MINISTRY OF PUBLIC SERVICE
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This study assessed the effect of organizational factors (organizational environment, organizational leadership and organizational climate) on implementation of the Public Pension Scheme at the Ministry of Public Service of Uganda. A cross sectional survey design was employed to collect data from a sample of 140 respondents engaged in implementation, management and leadership of the pension scheme at the Ministry. The respondents were selected using purposive sampling and data gathered using a self-administered questionnaire and face-to-face interviews.The analysis utilized descriptive statistics mainly percentages and correlation analysis to determine variable relationships upon which inferences were drawn. The descriptive statistics revealed that the pension scheme is implemented under an unfavourable organizational environment, inadequate leadership and uncondusive organizational climate as indicated by the majority of respondents. The unfavourable organizational environment, inadequate leadership and uncondusive climate were confirmed by the correlation results to bear a significant and positive effect on implementation of the Pension Scheme. In light of the findings, the study concluded that implementation of the Pension Scheme is significantly affected by organizational environment, organizational leadership and organizational climate. It is therefore imperative that efforts or measures to improve implementation of the Pension Scheme, institute measures to address the identified organizational challenges. The management and leadership of the Pension Scheme need to provide adequate monitoring to the Pension Scheme implementation process and provide incentives beyond salaries to workers engaged in implementation of the Pension Scheme. In addition, refresher trainings for staff engaged in implementation of the scheme not only to equip them with skills and positive work attitudes but also revitalize and keep them up to the task.